Beekeeping 101

Beekeeping is being enjoyed by a number of people who want a systematic way to study and improve the beekeeping industry. Beekeeping guide books are becoming very useful to the neophytes of this field.

Others may wonder why more and more people are beginning to get inclined to beekeeping. Aside from the fact that beekeepers are trying to learn more about the way of life of bees in order to improve their crops; some are merely interested to know the natural history of honeybees. People find satisfaction in gaining more and more knowledge on the field they are involved in. Thus a beekeeping guide is important to those who want to keep themselves busy as a bee in discovering more facts about this insect.

Brief History of Beekeeping

It is important to know a little background on how beekeeping started. Beekeeping can be traced back as far as the Bible times. There are even some verses in the Bible mentioning about honey. Honey is the produce of bees; it means that as early as that, people were already into beekeeping. Even the famous Aristotle did some study on the behavior of bees. His important learning says that bees do not hop from one flower to another to get honey; in fact bees remain constant in one flower until the honey is drained.

Bee Colony

It is a known fact that bee colonies have their Queen which lay the eggs; then drones are there to help in fertilizing the eggs of the Queen bee; and the rest are workers. The workers’ purpose is to ensure that they have sufficient supply of food. The bees know which category they belong so there is a division of labor among them.

Busy as a Worker Bee

Beekeeping guide information show that bee workers are the busiest among the categories of the bee colony. The focus of the bee workers are also subdivided into different categories. This will make their work easier and more systematized.

1. The builders are the ones assigned to build the comb of their colony. The comb builders use beeswax in creating their comb; beeswax comes from the body of the bee. The workers would secrete the beeswax from their body to make their comb.

2. The nurses, some workers would act as nurses to the eggs laid by the Queen bee. What they do is visit the cell where the eggs are laid. The nursing bees are the young bees for they cannot do other functions yet.

3. Food gatherers are the ones in-charge of looking for food. Bees pass the food from one worker to another to make work more precise. As the bees age, their ability to help in the transmission of food becomes better as well.

4. Guards and robbers are also the functions of bee workers. The guard bees would ensure the safety of the honeybee. They are usually stationed in the entrance of the beehive. The robbers on the other hand can be recognized by the guard bees through their behavior while flying and through their scent as well.

Bees are very interesting creatures; that is why more people are becoming bee-enthusiasts. Beekeeping guide is very important – to know and understand the behavior of this very hardworking insect.

At This Time What is the Best Treatment For Swine Flu? Disappointing News

At this time the best treatment for swine flu is prevention. Doing everything possible to avoid the flu may be more effective than the drugs and vaccine that we have (or maybe don’t have). The vaccine for H1N1 is scheduled to arrive in mid October but there will only be about 45 million doses and those will have to be doled out according to priorities set by your local health department.

The fact that we don’t have enough vaccine to go around may or may not be a problem. This vaccine was rushed into production and has not undergone the extensive testing that other vaccines have. The first question is will it work. The second question is what are the side effects. We won’t know those answers until late October.

There are two antiviral drugs available for flu, Tamiflu and an older drug Relenza. These drugs can be used to treat the flu or be used to prevent the flu in high risk populations like nursing homes. The good news is that the U.S. has at least enough stockpiled to treat 25% of the population. The bad news is that H1N1 might be immune to Tamiflu. In tests done in New York City last January, 99% of the H1N1 cases were Tamiflu resistant.

The other bad news about the drugs is that they work best when administered within 48 hours of coming down with swine flu. They won’t be prescribed unless the person tests positive for the strain. Now that the World Health Organization has stopped asking for test results, tests may or may not be given as readily as they were.

There are basically three types of tests. One can be completed in your doctor’s office in about 30 minutes. The problem with this test is it misses the flu roughly 30% of the time and also has a reputation of giving false positives. The other two tests require a lab. The actual test takes three hours to complete but add in transportation time and backlog and you’ll be lucky to see results in four days, two days longer than the recommended time to administer antivirals.

So the best answer to what’s the best flu treatment is, don’t catch it. If that doesn’t work; then your back to traditional treatment like fever medicine, rest, plenty of fluids, nutritious diet and Mom’s chicken soup.

This is going to be a big one and something you can’t ignore. It will affect your life either directly or indirectly. You need a plan on how to deal with it much as you would for dealing with an earthquake or hurricane.

Painting Light

HOW TO PAINT LIGHT

I teach students how to paint and draw light. I am also a lighting specialist. My fascination with light encompasses, not only the commercial, retailing aspect, but the artistic as well. Once drawing and painting skills are developed to the point where students can accurately put down what they see, creating light and shadow is studied and faithfully delineated subject matter emerges in a world of space and volume.

LEARNING TO SEE

Basically, the depiction of light and shadow is accomplished by using dark and light colors in painting and tonal gradations in drawing. For a beginning student this often requires some visual skills.. First, I tell the student it is necessary to convert what they see to a two-dimensional vision that they can translate to a two-dimensional surface like a canvas or a sketchbook page.

POWERFUL GRIDS

Seeing objects two-dimensionally can be done in several ways. The easiest (and most time-tested) is to construct a grid in front of the subject matter–that could be actual objects, a photo or a picture. This can be done most simply by holding a pencil vertically and horizontally against the viewed objects, comparing their shapes to the vertical and horizontal lines of the pencil.

Another time-tested method is to literally construct a grid on plate glass or Plexiglas and place that grid in front of the objects. Now the viewed objects are intersected by many squares (depending on how large or small the squares in the grid are.) Each quadrant (square) of the grid can then be painted or drawn independently and upon completing the entire grid, the composition of objects is finished to compose an accurate picture of the objects.

Light and shadow are more easily discerned and created with this grid method. How objects are illuminated can be defined on paper or canvas by observing and re-creating light and shadow at play in each quadrant. In accomplishing this by shading and highlighting, illumination and therefore, volume is created, the illusion of the three-dimensional space is created, reborn on a two-dimensional surface.

EARLY LINE AND COLOR

Accuracy, as well as light and shadow were not always the motivation behind depicting artful images. Before the Renaissance, art works in Europe depicted objects ( figures, landscapes, buildings) in a flat space. There was no light and shadow. Figures were delineated and colored in a style much like a coloring book. These images translated well to stained glass windows and mosaics. Their simplicity of line and color contributed to the strength of the iconography, often of religious significance.

EARTHLY LIGHT

With the discovery of perspective, space and volume became important to artists as well as the depiction of light and shadow. Symbolic icons and images described by line gave way to depictions of illuminated space. In perspective, objects recede and advance in a two-dimensional space that is totally visually believable. To augment the receding and advancing figures with directional light and shadow completed the believability, creating a world the eye could explore as a simulated, illuminated three-dimensional environment.

GOLD LEAF TO EARTHLY LIGHT

Spiritual light, the vehicle of infinity was often expressed with the use of gold leaf in Medieval altarpieces. The warm, glowing, reflective surface behind religious figures imbued the work with a rich and reassuring statement-the glory of heaven and God’s power. A more earthly light replaced gold leaf in the Renaissance. Spiritual figures were bathed in sunlight and swathed in shadow. The light that illuminated the humble shepherds was the same light that shone on Jesus and his followers.

REPEATING HISTORY

It is interesting to me that the journey a beginning drawing or painting student takes often replicates the historical transition from the Medieval use of line and color-in style to the Renaissance application of illuminated space and volume. And, with more advanced students, their journey often continues to repeat the contemporary return to line and color-in, the preference for depicting flat, shallow space and solid color.

I find this reassuring. The art world is wide open, brimming with many styles, images, materials and skills. For today’s artist, everything is available, to use towards a creative purpose. All of history as well as the latest technological/digital images are ready to be researched and developed.

Underground Electric Dog Fence

An underground electric dog fence is a great way to keep your dog safe from the street or roaming into uninvited areas like your neighbor’s yard. They come in a variety of sizes to fit all dogs: underground fences for little dogs of under 12 lbs, average sized dogs and even large dogs as well as extra wire for larger acres of land. The electric fence can be buried underground, stapled above ground or attached along an existing fence. These fences give precise and consistent correction and some are specifically made for the stubborn dog with strong retriever tendencies or low sensitivity and in need of beeps and stronger vibration for them to get the message.

These underground wired fences work on slopes or in hilly areas, treed lots, in water and acres of land. Their precision and consistent correction capabilities allow for good reliability near busy streets. The variety of collars that are interchangeable make them great for small dogs, like a Chihuahua or a large dog like a Great Dane.

A small indentation or groove made in the pavement is big enough for the wire to be brought beyond the driveway to the extended yard making the dog fence very practical, just backfill the driveway with outdoor sealant. If you don’t want to buy wire get the staples and run the wire above ground. Zip ties can help you secure the wire along an existing fence.

Correction depends upon the dog receiving the   transmission . Therefore, you need to make sure that the receiver collar is the right size for your dog. It should not be smaller than the space of your two fingers between the collar and his neck (we don’t want to choke poor “Pooch”!), but the prongs need to touch the skin of your dog in order for the shock to be felt. Remember, it’s a harmless shock that is meant to catch your dog’s attention and change his current behavior. Long or medium haired dogs may need a scissor cut around the neck area so the prongs will contact the skin. If necessary, there are long pronged collars available for the long haired dog as well.

We love our dogs but, let’s face it, nothing is certain with them for dogs are naturally impulsive. Therefore, even with the underground electric dog fence training is imperative if you want a great chance of solid obedience. We highly recommend training the dog before actually using any system. Flags are available for training the dog to learn the boundary. Take 2-3 weeks, depending on your dog, to walk around the boundary with the flags so “Pooch” can see where the boundary is. Then place the collar on him and walk around with him guiding him to retreat when the signal on the collar transmits a warning. Before you know it, your dog will readily stay within the boundary of the underground electric dog fence without your presence because he won’t know that he can run through it!

Why not learn more about Limos?

Factors that You Should Consider Before Hiring Limo Company

Let me start by saying limo is one of the services that is used by a large number of people because of its convenience. But one thing that you should know is that not all of them will provide you with the services that you need and thus why you need to select the best limo service. Here are some of the tips that will guide you in choosing the best limo service company.

When looking for limo service you should look for references and reviews. Most of the people always prefer this method since you will be talking directly with some of the people because you will be talking directly with some of the customers who have tested the services of the limo company and they know how it is. In this case, you will have to talk to your friends or colleagues on some of the limo services that they engaged previously. Apart from that, it is also required that you visit their websites to read the online reviews. Where you are supposed to hire the company with many positive reviews as this shows that they are efficient in providing limo services.

It is also essential to make sure that the limo service company is insured. You find that transport industries are associated to damages and injury it is important that you hire a company that will cover for your injuries. Also, we also have some limo companies that insure their limo under the personal auto policy which cannot compensate you when you are injured. Thus why it is necessary that you ensure that the policy is up to date and it can cover you when you are injured. One thing with lack of insurance is that you will be held responsible for your injuries.

Besides, you should also ask about their cancellation policy. It is important to note that is very essential to confirm with the limo service providers on what will happen when your service is canceled. Being that each company has their organization you will find that their cancellation policies will differ.

Apart from that, you should check is their number of years in the business. As a result, you will be in a position to know the experience that the company has in handling limo service. Working with an experienced company is beneficial since they know what they are doing since they have done it before. You will be in a position to know the experience of the limo company by going through their work collection to see some of the people that they have served before. With an experienced limo service, you will be sure of having a successful operation.

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The Advantages Of Hiring A Minibus For A Trip

Hiring a minibus service is a good idea when you have to travel quite a distance with a group of people. Many cars hire companies to offer minibus hire services for touring and attending events. The minibuses are not the same in size so that they can suit different types of groups. It is an exciting experience to move from one destination to another. Among the many trip activities include enjoying leisure time, taking pictures and making new friends.

The second thing you need to plan for after determining where you are going is how to get there. For a group of people you ought to choose a minibus rental. There are many gains of using a minibus rental. It becomes comfortable and effective to hire a rental minibus. One of the primary benefits of using the minibus is that has enough space for the travelers. It accommodates the travelers together with their bags and personal belongings. You are sure that your things are safe with you rather than having to move from one car to another. The chances of getting hindrances along the way are minimal if you hire a minibus.

What is of most importance is that the companies ensure that they have vehicles that are in perfect condition. Before they start the journey the drivers ensure that the car gets necessary car checkups. An advantage is that traveling in a minibus gives you time to relax the entire ride. The minibus driver needs you to sit and enjoy the trip. Throughout the tour you can have a fun conversation with your friends and family.

Most of the minibuses have comfortable seats and other facilities such as air conditioning systems to make the passengers comfortable by adjusting the temperature. They also have computer point available. Some minibuses have adjustable seats to make yourself more comfortable and lights for night reading. Unlike the public buses the rental minibuses are more comfortable. Apart from transportation services only, the rental minibuses offer additional services like offering you a tour guide. It is more economical to travel in one bus as a group to save on fuel cost. Depending on their clients destination the rental companies offer affordable services.

You must make a wise choice about the minibus if you want to make everybody comfortable. The first consideration is the size of the minibus. It should not be too large for the people or too small to accommodate people. Ensure you know how many people you have. You can decide to be the chauffeur or have the companies, driver. Find out about the minimum and the maximum rental periods of the minibus rental services.

If You Read One Article About Hires, Read This One

If You Read One Article About Hires, Read This One

A 10-Point Plan for Support (Without Being Overwhelmed)

Understanding Information Technology Services.

IT is the process of storing data, retrieving, processing and even manipulating the data by the use of a computer or any other electronic means. The stored data is in the form of electronic images of even numbers and pictures.It services is the process of ensuring that these process are working efficiently and we shall see this in some short while.

Big institutions normally have the in-house IT experts to help in the handling of these kind of data. For one to be an IT expert, he or she needs to a minimum of a bachelor degree from a recognized institution of higher learning. The article will only be confined to the Jobs that IT personnel normally do.

There is the need to store data. The data is normally stored in given formats, such that the retrieval requires special permissions or even the pattern can only be understood by them that are involved in the designing and storage process. The data is mainly stored by in the databases and as such, specialized person is needed to design the required database. The designing process is not a walk in the park due to the required expertise and also the need the logistics.

We will focus on the retrieving concept of the already stored database. The stored data is normally in form of numerals and even some are in pictures. Care and already established procedures need to be followed in ensuring that the retrieval process is fine and that it does not hurt other data and items already stored in the database. To fine tune the retrieval process, the data is normally stored in packets and each packet has got its own unique identifier such that, the it can be called or even retrieved using the said identifier. Thus, when retrieving the said data, you only need to have the key, call the packet and you have the data in your hands.

Manipulation is the other issue in ensuring that the data is fine. There are endless ways of doing data manipulations. For example, it can be manipulated by the use of the data analysis or it can even be by the form of transcribing and coding. When meaning is found and the data stored in another format, we say that the data is being manipulated.Manipulation is mostly done in the last stages where the data is being used. Manipulation is normally done in an attempt to get the meaning of words, phrases and audio files.

There is also data transmission. Data can be transmitted through the internet medium or even through other means like the use of wires. Transmitting improves the idea of sharing data and information. Through transmission, security is guaranteed through encapsulation and also providing other security features.

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Getting Down To Basics with AC

Factors To Consider When Choosing Air Conditioning Services

There are plenty of companies that offer air conditioning services. This makes it challenging to choose the right services because each company claims to provide the best services. It is important to choose the right company to get great services. This guide provides you with tips to help you choose the best air conditioning service.
It is vital to select air conditioning service from a reputable company. You can use the internet to identify potential air conditioning services. Most them have their services advertised online. Make sure you read customer reviews.

You will know if customers are content with the services they get. You can also ask for references from family and friends who have received the services of air conditioning services. However, take your time to do extensive research. It is advisable to check out several potential air conditioning companies before making a choice.

Also, consider air conditioning service from a company that is experienced. This shows that they offer outstanding service to their clients. You need to check out the number of years they have been operational.

This way you will know if you need to consider their services.If you sense they are not truthful, look for a different air conditioning service. Choose air conditioning service from a company that is licensed to operate in your state. It is important to choose air conditioning service from a company that takes time to explain their work.This way you will make the right choice.

Price is another factor to consider. The price varies depending on the air conditioning service you choose. This depends on the level of expertise. You need to ask for quotes from a few air conditioning services in order to make comparisons. It is essential that you have a budget in advance. This will limit you to companies that offer affordable services. You need to put more emphasis on the quality of services. It is important you create a budget that can be adjusted. This way you can choose air conditioning service that you want.

It is important you consider air conditioning service with good customer service. Air conditioning service with employees who are understanding will ensure you work together well for long.It is vital to select air conditioning service that is licensed. This way you will know that you are working with professionals who can do a great job. Insurance protects you from taking any liability in case anything occurs to the employees when they are working for you.

The employees need to have proper training and certification. Also, consider a company that provides variety of air conditioning services. It is wise to consider a company that can do any air conditioning project. This way you will be sure that you are dealing with professionals who are experienced.

A Simple Plan: Conditioning

A Simple Plan: Conditioning

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How To Locate An Ideal Security Service Provider

If you feel that your property is not safe, it is recommended that you hire a security service. Yes, it might be expensive to maintain a security company, but then you can’t afford to lose the possessions that have taken you years to get. Hire a security service and all your problems and anxiety will be over.

Security services are available in abundance; it should easy for you to spot one that will handle your security needs adequately. However, you need to know the attributes of an ideal security agency before you set off to hassle for one in the first place.

You see, not all the security firms you see on the market can offer you great services that you see out there. And the paradox is that virtually all of them will tell you that they have the right muscle for converting services. And for this reason, you need to see to it that you do exhaustive so that you can make sound decisions. You want to see to it that you are working with a security company that is both dependable and trusted out there.

Do not select a certain security firm because an individual encouraged you to arrive at the decision. Here are essential aspects that you should consider when selecting a security company that will offer you exceptional services.

To begin with; you want to examine the standing of the security company so that you can make ideal choices. If a business has a good name out there, then you know it will provide the best security services that you deserve. They can’t afford to lose the great name that they have invested in all these years.

It is best if you ask around; speak to individuals whom you can trust to offer you reliable information; perhaps your colleagues, associates, family members, friends and even your neighbors.

And more fundamentally, you need to locate individuals who have been through the situations that you are experiencing now. Let them give you the ideas and suggestions that they may have – they are useful for decision – making. Be sure to scrutinize the recommendations that they give you – run a thorough background check.

What is more, check the training qualifications of their workforce – hire the company with qualified and competent security personnel.

It is also crucial for you to assess the reviews of the security firm that you intend to hire. Be sure to examine their client ratings as well. Most of the reviewers are frank enough to share their opinions and suggestions regarding the services providers. It is recommended that you hire a security agency that has many positive reviews and has the highest client’s rating.

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A Quick Guide – Why Buy Property Management Franchise?

There are a bunch of people who overlook buying their own property management franchise but you can be different. If you want to invest in buying your own property management franchise, there could be a ton of benefits you can get from it. Make sure you read this article if you want to buy your own property management franchise; get a load of the benefits that this type of investment will bring.

Check out the reasons why investing in a property management franchise is potentially the best decision right now.

Being a new owner in marketing and lead generation can stall you which makes progress a lot slower than usual; this is why people like this look for property management franchises.

Are you a total newbie at this work and you don’t have any clue where to begin?

If you already have a business of your own but it is not actually getting the progress it needs because aside from being at the mercy of your clients, you also have to work long hours just to get mid rate results.

Check these reasons first before you consider buying your own property management franchise to get the result you want.

Being stalled in your own new owner marketing and lead generation is something to consider.

You have to understand that your best move right now is to partner with a well established franchise business to help you and your property management business. You specialty would be managing properties being a legitimate property manager, right? You need to know that a business owner is going to have different skill sets from a property manager and that is going to matter. A business owner will know the greatest marketing techniques to build a business from scratch and make it big in no time.

For a franchise to perform the way you want it to perform, you have to invest not only your money but energy and time as well. You also have to know productive marketing tactics to produce good results. When you are in a franchise, you will enjoy all the hours of learning that normally would bore you to death if it was a different lecture.

You have to know that lead generation is all about automation. You have to defy the system to get the results that you want for your life; make use of the benefits of buying a property management business because it is going to connect you to a ton of businesses and benefits that will make your life better. Buy your own property management franchise now and see what it can do to you.

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